The latest government figures show that the percentage of students from independent schools attending English universities is significantly higher than those from state schools.
Independent schools have extended their dominance over state schools, with 85% of private school pupils entering higher education, compared with 62% of those from state schools by the age of 19 in 2013-14.
For those attending top universities the figures revealing an even greater divide, with 64% of independent student pupils achieving a place and only 23% of state school students.
The latest numbers, as provided by the Department for Education, show that the percentage of state school pupils progressing to university dropped from 66% to 62% between 2010-13 and 2013-14.
Despite ministers suggesting that the introduction of higher fees did not deter pupils from heading to university, the decline in state school student participation dropped when tuition fees rose to £9,000 a year in 2013-14.
According to vice president for higher education at the National Union of Students, Sorana Vieru, "for a government that talks the talk on social mobility, it needs to seriously consider the effect its market reforms are having on higher education participation".
Despite the declines in 2013-14, the number of students attending higher education from state schools is substantially higher than those from private schools, at 212,065 and 24,990 respectively.